Both Melon (Cucumis melo L.) and Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) are annual plants of the Cucurbitaceae family and with a creeping and climbing nature. Melon, originated in Africa and southwest Asia, has a sweet edible, fleshy fruit variable in shape, size and color depending on variety. Surface can be smooth, warty and white-yellowish, green or speckled.
Climate: Melon plant requires warm and not excessively humid climate, humid regions with low insolation affects its development, showing alterations in ripening and fruit quality. Watermelon is less demanding in temperature than melon.
Humidity: At the beginning of plant development the relative humidity should be 65-75%, flowering 60-70% and fruit development 55-65%.
Soil: Melon is less demanding than watermelon. It needs soft, fertile, deep, well ventilated and drained soils
pH: The optimum level is between 6 and 7