The Pineapple (Ananas comosus) belongs to the Bromeliaceae family native to South America. It is a herbaceous perennial tropical plant with a short and thick stem. Inflorescence contains between one hundred and two hundred flowers placed in a spiral form. Flowering lasts between thirty and sixty days approximately; The ripe fruit is obtained one hundred and thirty-five days after the flower has emerged.
Light: High luminosity favors the performance, the good coloration of the shell and the good quality of the fruit.
Soil: Light and well-drained soils rich in organic matter. One of the soil factors limiting pineapple growth is the low permeability mainly in rainy climates, as it promotes the attack of pathogens in the root system.
pH: Between 4.5 and 6.5 being ideal for the growth of the plants from 5.0 to 6.0. pH higher than 6.5 increases the risk of microelements deficiencies.
Climate: Pineapple needs an average temperature of 25-32 ºC, a regular precipitation regime (between 1000-1500 mm) and a high environmental humidity. Although pineapple tolerates relatively long periods of drought, lack of water when planting and at the beginning of flowering and fruit set, slows growth and reduces fruit size.